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In winter season, we need sunlight for vitamin-D and also known as the “sunshine vitamin,” vitamin D is a vitamin you can get from food or supplements. Exposure to the sun also stimulates vitamin D production in the skin.

Vitamin D serves several important functions in the body.

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These include:

Promoting calcium absorption

Maintaining normal calcium and phosphate levels

Promoting bone and cell growth

Reducing inflammation

According to Harvard University an estimated 1 billion people are low in vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiencies can cause short-term symptoms and long-term complications.

What are the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency?

Several factors have contributed to the rising incidence of vitamin D deficiency. These include:

Wearing sunscreen (sunscreen blocks the sun’s ability to stimulate vitamin D production)

Not spending enough time outside

Having darkly pigmented skin, which won’t absorb the sun’s rays as well exclusively breast-feeding babies for prolonged time periods.

Being obsessed, which typically raises your vitamin D requirements

Vitamin D deficiency doesn’t always cause symptoms.

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When it does, some of the symptoms may include:

Difficulty in thinking clearly

Bone pain

Frequent bone fractures

Muscle weakness

Soft bones that may result in deformities

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Few unfortified foods in a person’s diet are high in vitamin D.

How is vitamin D deficiency treated?

Foods that are naturally high in vitamin D include:

Fatty fish, such as mackerel, salmon, and tuna

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Beef

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Cheese

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Egg yolks

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Fish liver oils

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Mushrooms

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